The systematic and predictable relationship between written letters and spoken words.
- Point out environmental print (store signs, restaurant signs, billboards, street signs, stop signs, movie marquis, etc.) to your child. Play games when you walk or travel. See how many “stop” signs you can see. Have your child find items at the grocery store. If he/she knows what the Cheerios box looks like have him/her help you find it. This print has meaning to your child, and he/she will begin looking for it and reading it.
- Play look and search games. Look for words. You decide on a word and ask your child to find it somewhere in print. This will help your child develop word recognition and discrimination skills.
- Play word games. Ask your child to write as many words as he/she can in a particular word family. (Ex: Say, “Write as many words as you can think of in the –at family.” Your child might write: cat, sat, mat, hat, etc.) This reinforces the concept of chunking and develops the skills of decoding and encoding words.
- Play “Bag of Words”. Write some of the words your child has been working on in spelling on small pieces of paper. Put them in a paper bag. Have your child reach into the bag and choose a word. He/She should read the word and use it correctly in a sentence. If he/she is correct, he/she gets a point. If not, you get a point.